Testing your urine pH level will test for the acidity or alkalinity of your urine. If results are too high or too low it can be a precursor to kidney stones. If your diet is at an extreme on wither the low or the high end of the pH levels, you can adjust your diet to reduce the likelihood of painful kidney stones. In short, your urine pH is an indicator of your overall health and gives your doctor important clues as to what’s going on in your body.
A urine specific gravity test compares the density of urine to the density of water. This quick test can help determine how well your kidneys are diluting your urine. If your urine is too concentrated it could mean that your kidneys aren’t functioning properly or that you aren’t hydrated. Specific gravity test is used to test your level of hydration.
Dehydration is defined as the excessive loss of water from the body tissues. It is often accompanied by an imbalance of sodium, potassium, chloride, and electrolytes. Dehydration usually occurs when an individual does not drink enough fluids or fluids are lost and not adequately replaced. Symptoms of dehydration will depend on the severity. Early dehydration usually has no symptoms whilst mild or moderation dehydration can cause symptoms that include: fatigue, thirst, muscle cramps, dizziness, and headache.
There are a number of reasons as to why you could be dehydrated. These include:
Gastroenteritis (“stomach flu”)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Intense or Prolonged Physical Exertion
Inability to Drink Due to Inflamed Mouth or Throat
Inability to Communicate Thirst (ie infant)
Inability to Access Water
Early dehydrations has no symptoms. Moderate dehydration symptoms include:
Less frequent urination and urine may be darker yellow, indicating concentration
Mildly sunken eyes in an infant
Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
Severe dehydration symptoms includes:
Lack of tears and sweating
Lack of urine – little to no urine produced and dark yellow in colour
Extremely dry mouth and mucous membranes
Dry skin that lacks elasticity
Sunken fontanelles in an infant (the soft spots on top of the head)
Confusion and, in critical cases, unconsciousness
Provides feedback on hydration status that can be used to adjust fluid intake
Is convenient and easy to use
Gives results in 30 to 60 seconds
Uses a small urine sample
Colour chart for reading results
Card for recording test results over time
You must not rely on the information on this site as an alternative to medical advice from your medical physician or another qualified healthcare provider. Consult your healthcare provider immediately if you think that you may have a medical emergency or for the diagnosis and treatment of injuries. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or with any questions that you may have regarding a medical condition or injury.